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Types of Teeth and Their Functions

Once all your permanent, adult teeth have come through, you should have 32 teeth in total. Your adult set of teeth will be made of various types of teeth;

8 incisors
4 canines, also called cuspids
8 premolars, also called bicuspids
12 molars, including 4 wisdom teeth


The eight incisors sit at the front of your mouth, with four in the upper part of your jaw and four in the lower part.

These front teeth help you chew foods such as apples, and the adult set will grow in from around six to eight years old.

Canine Teeth

You have four canine teeth, which sit next to your incisors. Once again, two sit on the lower jaw and two sit at the top.

The canine teeth have sharper and more pointed edges than the incisors, helping you to tear food.

Typically, your upper canines will grow first, followed by the lower set.


Moving onto the eight premolars. These teeth are bigger than the incisors and canines and you will have eight of them in total in your mouth – two that sit on the bottom jaw and two at the top.

Premolars will often come in around the age of ten and help to chew tough foods.


Molars make up most of the teeth in your mouth and you have 12 of them in total – six coming through on the bottom jaw and six on the upper jaw.

Molars are big, strong teeth that sit at the back of the mouth. They have a large surface area which helps you to chew food into small enough pieces to swallow. Your molars include four wisdom teeth which will often come in between the ages of 17 and 25. Wisdom teeth are sometimes referred to as third molars.

Our teeth help us to chew and speak properly and have a big effect on our jaw shape and overall appearance. There are a wide variety of tooth replacement options on the market today so you can select the option that is right for you, should you suffer the loss of a tooth.

Booking Your Dental Appointment

We have plenty of ways you can make an appointment with us and offer a free consultation;

Call our reception team on 0161 773 7080.
Book online using our handy booking forms for new or existing patients.

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